Linux operating systems (known as “distributions” or “distros”) have constant releases and updates, with some more substantial than others. Updates usually bring minor fixes and tweaks, but occasionally new distro releases or iterations can yield major changes. Well, below are the newest Linux operating systems.
Container Linux (Formerly CoreOS)
CoreOS officially rebranded to Container Linux in December 2016. As the name suggests, it’s a container-centric distro. The lightweight operating system allows for easy culstered deployments. Container Linux concentrates on security, with an update policy of automating software updates for enhanced reliability and security. There are a few flavors of Container Linux, including Tectonic, a self-driving Kubernetes solution. You can view the Container Linux changelog here. Note that it is very regularly updated for security purposes.
The new version of PIXEL for Mac and PC can run on any device with an x86 CPU. System requirements are pretty low, with a baseline of just 512MB of RAM. It’s a free release, and is essentially the same as its Raspberry Pi counterpart. However PIXEL for PC does lack Wolfram Mathematica and Minecraft.
Ubuntu 16.10 or 16.04
A year after Linux was announced, SUSE debuted. But 2015 ushered in a massive change when openSUSE shaped itself after SUSE Linux Enterprise (SLE). This change spawned openSUSE Leap, which is based on SLE Service Pack (SP) 1. This new iteration of openSUSE offers an enterprise server environment for general users. Plus, Tumbleweed debuted as a rolling-release version of openSUSE. Leap remains the LTS version.
Gaming on Linux is far from an oxymoron. Despite the admitted dominance of Windows in PC gaming, Linux offers loads of natively compatible games. Plus, using Wine you can likely install and run many Windows titles on your Linux machine. I found that Diablo 3 performed better on my AMD A10, Radeon 7660G powered laptop than on Windows 10. Valve continuously champions Linux gaming, both in making its extensive catalog largely cross-platform compatible and in launching SteamOS.
Valve developed this Debian-based Linux distro which is mainly geared toward gaming. Its features posit SteamOS as a viable solution to PC gaming in the living room. Yet SteamOS lacks many features of a full-fledged operating system. You’ll notice that there’s no file manager, and video playback is limited to the Steam store library. But the latest updates added such features as Spotify and Netflix compatibility via the browser, and local music playback.
Linux Mint 18.1
Linux Mint persists as one of the top Linux distributions. It’s powerful yet intuitive and comes pre-loaded with loads of software. Therefore, Linux Mint is a stellar out-of-the-box solution. Linux Mint 18.1 Serena is among the recent iterations. In December 2016, Linux Mint 18.1 Serena Cinnamonmade its debut. Also in December 2016, Linux Mint 18.1 MATE dropped. This LTS distro gets support until 2021. Thus, Linux Mint Cinnamon is a great stable operating system.
System requirements are still pretty forgiving. You can get by with 512 MB of RAM and 9 GB of hard disk space. Linux Mint 18 Cinnamon even comes in a 32-bit flavor. Mint 18.1 Cinnamon delivers a slew of enhancements, including Cinnamon 3.0, Xapps, Linux Kernel 4.4, and an Ubuntu 16.04 base.